madagascar muslim population

Madagascar last conducted a national census in 2018 and 83% of births in Madagascar are recorded. Poverty affects 92% of the population in 2017. The most noteworthy of these were the Zafiraminia, traditional ancestors of the Antemoro, Antanosy and other east coast ethnicities. The Muslim leaders stated this political interference hindered resolution of an internal leadership dispute dating from 2016, which resulted in two different groups in the Muslim community, each with its own political party leader sponsor, establishing their own leadership boards and nominating their own candidates to lead the national Malagasy Muslim Association. Embassy officials also discussed Muslim citizenship issues with ministry officials and legislators. Other Muslim leaders, however, reported generally good relations between members of their community and other faiths across the country. Most of the population (61%) resides within rural regions. Embassy officials also met with human rights organizations concerning religious freedom issues. The island's elephant birds, a family of endemic giant ratites, became extinct in the 17th century or earlier, most probably because of human hunting of adult birds and poaching of their large eggs for food. This settlement was established in 1513 at the behest of the viceroy of Portuguese India, Jeronimo de Azevedo. According to the US Department of State, Muslims constitute 15 to 25 percent of the population as of 2020. Above-ground biomass in forest per hectare. [36] Consequently, under the socialist Second Republic, French instructors and other nationals were expelled, Malagasy was declared the language of instruction, and a large cadre of young Malagasy were rapidly trained to teach at remote rural schools under the mandatory two-year national service policy. Madagascar is a richly populated country with many people from diverse backgrounds. Islam . [73], The contested 2001 presidential elections in which then-mayor of Antananarivo, Marc Ravalomanana, eventually emerged victorious, caused a seven-month standoff in 2002 between supporters of Ravalomanana and Ratsiraka. The negative economic impact of the political crisis was gradually overcome by Ravalomanana's progressive economic and political policies, which encouraged investments in education and ecotourism, facilitated foreign direct investment, and cultivated trading partnerships both regionally and internationally. In February, local authorities closed one of the churches of the local Jesosy Mamonjy (Jesus the Savior) evangelical Christian group in the Ankorondrano area of Antananarivo after an internal disagreement concerning the election of new leaders of the group devolved into a physical altercation that injured two persons. Indonesia is the country with the Largest Muslim population in the world. Office of the U.S. Arab immigrants were few in number compared to the Madagascar, island country lying off the southeastern coast of Africa. Malagasy trade unionism began to appear underground and the Communist Party of the Madagascar region was formed. More recently . ", "Madagascar: La Crise a un Tournant Critique? A wide variety of oral and written literature has developed in Madagascar. Throughout almost the entire island, the contemporary cuisine of Madagascar typically consists of a base of rice (vary) served with an accompaniment (laoka). As per the UN World Population Prospects report, the population of Madagascar in 2022 is 29,611,714 ( 29.6 million or 2.96 Crore), Estimated Population of Madagascar in 2023: 30 million or 3 Crore, read about Top countries in Africa by population. by Mongabay.com on 22 March 2012. The Global Religious Landscape . "I try to go to the mosque on Fridays and at the weekend," says the 16-year-old Muslim, who has been enrolled in Catholic schools since primary education. ", "Genetic evidence and historical theories of the Asian and African origins of the present Malagasy population", "Genome-wide evidence of AustronesianBantu admixture and cultural reversion in a hunter-gatherer group of Madagascar", "Climate, Not Conflict. The U.S. government estimates the total population at 27.0 million (midyear 2020 estimate). Off-grid solar power, promoted by several start-ups, has grown in popularity in Africa . [156], Madagascar became a member state of the United Nations on 20 September 1960, shortly after gaining its independence on 26 June 1960. Over the course of the past few years, it has shown a steady increase in its population every year. As a result, it can be clearly seen that Madagascar comprises mainly of youngsters and young adults who take up more than 50% of the total population. The government continued implementation of the nationality law passed in 2017. [52], Primarily on the basis that the Lambert Charter had not been respected, France invaded Madagascar in 1883 in what became known as the first Franco-Hova War. [86], Tropical cyclones cause damage to infrastructure and local economies as well as loss of life. [238] Soccer is also popular. During Ramadan, it provided additional broadcast time to the Muslim community. [68] During the Second World War, the island was the site of the Battle of Madagascar between the Vichy French and an Allied expeditionary force. Home to around 30 million people, it consists of the island of Madagascar (the fourth-largest island in the world) and numerous smaller peripheral islands. [71] The Malagasy Republic was proclaimed on 14 October 1958, as an autonomous state within the French Community. One of the island's foremost artistic traditions is its oratory, as expressed in the forms of hainteny (poetry), kabary (public discourse) and ohabolana (proverbs). [140] In addition to the state television channel, a variety of privately owned television stations broadcast local and international programming throughout Madagascar. The constitution provides for freedom of religious thought and expression and prohibits religious discrimination in the workplace. [139] The courts, which adhere to civil law, lack the capacity to quickly and transparently try the cases in the judicial system, often forcing defendants to pass lengthy pretrial detentions in unsanitary and overcrowded prisons. It is a ritual prayer performed five times a . The Malagasy fertility rate in 2009 was 4.6 children per woman, declining from 6.3 in 1990. Due to such a large population, providing education for everyone may prove to be a significant challenge. His ambition to bring the entire island under his control was largely achieved by his son and successor, King Radama I (181028), who was recognized by the British government as King of Madagascar. He added, "We have learned that in the universities the young, non-Muslim female students are being paid three Euros a day to wear the Burka.". L'insurrection malgache de 1947. Ecotourism and agriculture, paired with greater investments in education, health and private enterprise, are key elements of Madagascar's development strategy. To the east, the Canal des Pangalanes is a chain of human-made and natural lakes connected by canals built by the French just inland from the east coast and running parallel to it for some 600km (370mi). [33] Malagasy farmers embrace and perpetuate the practice not only for its practical benefits as an agricultural technique, but for its cultural associations with prosperity, health and venerated ancestral custom (fomba malagasy). One Muslim leader criticized the government for not consulting with that religious community when rescheduling COVID-delayed national secondary school exams to overlap with the Eid al-Adha holiday. In total, the repression of this resistance to colonial conquest caused several tens of thousands of Malagasy victims. Following the 2014 discovery in Madagascar of the Asian common toad, a relative of a toad species that has severely harmed wildlife in Australia since the 1930s, researchers warned the toad could "wreak havoc on the country's unique fauna. It is common to alternate between religious identities or to mix traditions, and many individuals hold a combination of indigenous and Christian or Muslim beliefs. Those aged 65 and older form 3 percent of the total population. National GDP grew at an average rate of 7percent per year under his administration. noteworthy of these were the Zafiraminia, traditional ancestors of the According to the most recent national census in 1993, 52 percent adhere to indigenous beliefs, 41 percent is Christian, and 7 percent is Muslim. In January 2019 the High Constitutional Court declared Rajoelina as the winner of the elections and the new president. U.S. embassy officials engaged with Ministry of the Interior officials responsible for registration of religious groups. The government requires a permit for all public demonstrations, including religious events such as outdoor worship services. Bangladesh with a 153 million Muslim population is in 4th place followed by Nigeria (10 million) in the fifth spot. The last wave of Arab immigrants would be the Antalaotra who The most densely populated regions of the island are the eastern highlands and the eastern coast, contrasting most dramatically with the sparsely populated western plains. [24] It is proposed that Ma'anyan people were brought as laborers and slaves by Javanese and Malays in their trading fleets to Madagascar. However, in the 1980s, Madagascar drifted away from the Soviet Union and back towards France. [131] In 2007 six of the national parks were declared a joint World Heritage Site under the name Rainforests of the Atsinanana. [1] The outcome of the referendum, and its consequences for official and national language policy, are not recognized by the political opposition, who cite lack of transparency and inclusiveness in the way the election was organized by the High Transitional Authority. The country is a party to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights. slave traders working their way down the east coast of Africa in their By contrast, a previous study in 2008 had found only 38percent of lemur species were at risk of extinction. Probably the descendants of an earlier and less technologically advanced Austronesian settlement wave, the Vazimba were assimilated or expelled from the highlands by the Merina kings Andriamanelo, Ralambo, and Andrianjaka in the 16th and early 17th centuries. In one example, the Ministry of Commerce denied assistance to a Muslim entrepreneur with a halal certification who sought the ministrys support to combat counterfeit halal products and protect Muslim consumers. As Madagascar was once a French colony, it is easy to imagine generations of French-speaking inhabitants choosing to live in Madagascar. [91] Madagascar is classed as one of 17 megadiverse countries. World Population Prospects (2022 Revision). Children and pregnant women are the most affected groups; however, 100% of the population is considered at risk for the disease. Factoid #282 In Somalia, more women are circumcised than men. In 2021, the population of Madagascar was estimated at 29million, up from 2.2million in 1900. [140] Accusations of media censorship have increased since 2009 because of the alleged intensification of restrictions on political criticism. The Kingdom of Imerina, located in the central highlands with its capital at the royal palace of Antananarivo, emerged at around the same time under the leadership of King Andriamanelo. Cattle rustling, originally a rite of passage for young men in the plains areas of Madagascar where the largest herds of cattle are kept, has become a dangerous and sometimes deadly criminal enterprise as herdsmen in the southwest attempt to defend their cattle with traditional spears against increasingly armed professional rustlers.[30]. Primary school fees were eliminated, and kits containing basic school supplies were distributed to primary students. Another 41 percent are Christians, divided into Catholics and Protestants. [66], The Merina royal tradition of taxes paid in the form of labor was continued under the French and used to construct a railway and roads linking key coastal cities to Antananarivo. [138], At the local level, the island's 22 provinces are administered by a governor and provincial council. State-run Malagasy National Television continued to provide free broadcasting to Seventh-day Adventists, Catholics, Lutherans, Anglicans, and Presbyterians on weekends, and to the Muslim community once a week. [23], Traditionally, archaeologists have estimated that the earliest settlers arrived in successive waves in outrigger canoes from Borneo, possibly throughout the period between 350BCE and 550CE, while others are cautious about dates earlier than 250CE. City officials in Antananarivo maintained limitations on the hours of service for the Vahao ny Oloko (Release my People) evangelical Christian church. Since independence, Comoros has endured political instability . Around 88% of the male population is literate, as well as 73% of the female population. island (Majunga The drugs vinblastine[100][101] and vincristine[100][102] are vinca alkaloids,[103][104] used to treat Hodgkin lymphoma,[105] leukemia,[106] and other cancers,[107] were derived from the Madagascar periwinkle. Following the traditions of certain [16] These were joined around the 9th century AD by Bantu migrants crossing the Mozambique Channel from East Africa. U.S. Government Policy and Engagement. [188] The government provides at least one basic health center per commune. [87], The western and southern sides, which lie in the rain shadow of the central highlands, are home to dry deciduous forests, spiny forests, and deserts and xeric shrublands. [19], In the Malagasy language, the island of Madagascar is called Madagasikara (Malagasy pronunciation:[madaaskar]) and its people are referred to as Malagasy. [63] Additional schools were built, particularly in rural and coastal areas where the schools of the Merina had not reached. Though the country's economy benefits from ecotourism, ecological research, and a growing agricultural sector, an unequal distribution of wealth has left more than 75% of the population living below the poverty line. Islam in Madagascar [By WIKIPEDIA]Islam has been well-established in what is now known as Madagascar for centuries and today Muslims represent 7% of the population, or approximately 1.2 million Malagasy. Key mineral resources include various types of precious and semi-precious stones, and it currently provides half of the world's supply of sapphires, which were discovered near Ilakaka in the late 1990s. 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